Egg – nymph – adult
Eggs are tiny and white, usually laid in crevices and harbourages. The female bed bug can lay up to 5 eggs a day and up to 300 eggs total in her lifetime. In about 2 weeks the eggs will hatch out into immature adults called nymphs. Higher temperatures stimulate the hatching period and lower temperatures can slow it down, which can affect the treatment process.
Nymphs go through 5 molts that take between few weeks and few months depending on conditions and food supply. Right after they hatch they’ll need to start feeding. Adults are wingless, about 5-6mm long – the body is flattened, oval-shaped, red-brown turning darker and rounder when recently fed. Their legs are clearly visible and they have small antennae.
They are considered parasites because they are living and feeding mostly on human blood. As opposed to the nymphal stage, depending on the conditions an adult bed bug can survive without a blood meal for up to a year.
Bed bug bites are a bit more different than you might think. Instead of making a small hole in your skin and just start sucking the blood, they are actually “digging” through, hence the unpleasant rashes that you experience.
While they are not known to carry any diseases, for some people these bites can cause a severe allergic reaction. If not taken seriously a bed bug infestation can spread in a matter of months, without you even knowing so it is better to call a professional as soon as you start seeing any signs of them. They can hide literally anywhere – in your wardrobes and bedroom furniture, headboards, fabrics, night cabinets, skirting boards, bed frames, under carpets or rugs, in loose wallpaper, even in picture frames, and more.
Signs of Bed Bugs:
- Bloodstains on the pillowcases or sheets
- Dark spots (from droppings) on bedding or furniture
- Bites on mostly exposed places of your body while sleeping (the abdomen, the neck, arms, shoulders, back and chest and occasionally on the legs and feet)
- Live or dead bedbugs, eggs, bed bug shells, or molted skins
- If the infestations are more severe, there will be a distinct foul smell
When treating a bed bug infestation, thoroughness is key. It is crucial that a detailed inspection is made prior to any treatment. Assessing the situation and arming yourself with as much information as possible is the most important thing if you want to have a successful bed bug extermination, whether it be chemical, steam or heat.
Bed bug treatments usually require a strategic approach and every professional pest technician needs to have high attention to detail. Sometimes a combination of treatment could be required in order to get rid of the infestation for good. It doesn’t matter which sort of treatment you prefer or in most cases afford, make sure you choose a company that’ll care for completing the job successfully.
Chemical Treatment – Spraying of all the affected areas with chemicals that have residual effects and are not likely to damage any of your furniture. These chemicals don’t kill the insects instantly but rather scratching open the bug’s skin so it dehydrates. This treatment is usually done at least 2 times in a period of 2 weeks, if the infestation is bigger 3rd visit might be required if signs of bed bugs infestation are still present.
Heat Treatment - All bed bug stages are extremely sensitive to heat and can be killed when exposed to high temperatures. Specialized equipment is used to heat up the treated areas above 60 degrees and can take from 3 to 8 hours depending on the number of rooms that are being treated. Heat treatment is the most successful treatment, especially for businesses and hotel rooms, giving you a 100% guarantee of elimination in one day killing bed bugs and insects alike in all of their stages and
Steam Treatment – This is a more concentrated treatment for any surface areas like your mattress, bed frame, skirting board, etc. It can also be used on clothes or fabrics. When doing this method of treatment it can be very time-consuming and it does not have a residual effect. For maximum effectiveness, some chemical spraying might be done as well to provide total eradication.
We at AccuRat strive to be better every time. We know every situation is different and after a successful inspection we will come up with a specifically tailored solution for you and your home.